An appeal is the process after a judge or jury issues a decision that you believe is incorrect or was reached by means that do not comply with the rules governing the trial. The appeal is a legal request to have the trial reviewed by a higher court. In Arkansas, the case is appealed to the Arkansas Court of Appeals or the Arkansas Supreme Court. During the appellate hearing, no new evidence is submitted, so there are no witnesses.
In most cases, there is no personal appearance of the parties to a lawsuit in front of the panel of judges. Appeals are litigated via written arguments, called briefs, which present the facts of the case and include extensive research and argument about the laws related to the case. Many times attorneys are allowed to present oral argument to the appellate court.